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NLRB Expands "Joint-Employer" Standard

September 8, 2015 | Bulletin No. 1273976.1

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has redefined the test for determining whether two separate and independent entities can be considered “joint employers” of certain employees, which potentially exposes entities to new joint-bargaining obligations and joint liability for unfair labor practices and breaches of collective-bargaining agreements. 

The U.S. Supreme Court Confirms That The Constitution Requires The Government To Pay Just Compensation When It Directly Appropriates Personal Property

June 29, 2015 | Bulletin No.

It is generally understood that the Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution requires the government to pay just compensation if it takes a person’s real property.  Must the government also pay just compensation if it takes personal rather than real property? 

California Supreme Court Upholds City of San Jose’s Inclusionary Housing Ordinance as a Valid Land Use Regulation, Not an Exaction or Taking

June 17, 2015 | Bulletin No.

Like more than 170 cities in California, the City of San Jose (City) enacted an inclusionary housing ordinance requiring all new residential development projects of 20 or more units to sell at least 15 percent of the units at a price that is affordable to low- or moderate-income households (Ordinance). The California Building Industry Association (CBIA) challenged the Ordinance as an unconstitutional exaction, claiming that the City did not properly justify the relationship between the Ordinance and the adverse impact that the development projects subject to it would create.

U.S. Supreme Court to Decide Whether a Rule 68 Offer that Extends Full Relief Can Moot a Class Action

June 15, 2015 | Bulletin No.

On May 18, 2015, The United States Supreme Court granted cert in Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez (No. 14-857), a case alleging violation of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) from the Central District of California.  The U.S. Supreme Court will address whether a plaintiff's individual and class claims under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23 would be rendered moot if the plaintiff receives a Rule 68 offer of judgment providing complete relief before a class is certified.

New Laws Affecting School Districts and Community College Districts

August 16, 2010 | Bulletin No. 946388.2


This law adds section 44251.2 to the Education Code, which states that a credential issued by the commission is subject only to the laws and regulations under which it was issued, and is exempt from new laws and regulations unless otherwise stated.


Pending legislation is subject to amendment and change in status. Check for updates at http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/. You may subscribe to specific bills to receive notifications whenever there is activity on a bill of particular interest.